The synaptic contacts in the inner and outer plexiform layers of the frog retina have been identified and studied by electron microscopy. In the inner plexiform layer, two types of synaptic contact were recognized. One type, believed to be the synaptic contact of the bipolar terminals, is characterized by a synaptic ribbon in the presynaptic cytoplasm. At such ribbon contacts, there are ordinarily two postsynaptic elements, both of which usually contain numerous synaptic vesicles and appear morphologically identical. The second type of synaptic contact in the inner plexiform layer has a more conventional morphology and is observed very much more frequently than are the ribbon contacts. It is characterized by a dense aggregation of synaptic vesicles clustered close to the presynaptic membrane and is thought to be the synaptic contact of the amacrine processes. The conventional synapses are presynaptic to ribbon-containing processes, ganglion cell dendrites, and other amacrine cell processes. Reciprocal contacts between processes making ribbon synapses, and processes making conventional synapses are often observed. Serial synapses between morphologically identical processes, presumably amacrine processes, are frequently seen; and up to four synapses in series between five adjacent processes have been observed. These findings suggest that in the inner plexiform layer of the frog: (1) bipolar terminals synapse primarily with amacrine processes; (2) amacrine processes synapse extensively with the processes of other amacrine cells; and (3) ganglion cells are driven primarily by the amacrine cells. In the outer plexiform layer, processes penetrate into invaginations in the bases of the receptor terminals and lie in close proximity to the synaptic ribbons of the terminals, where the processes presumably receive synaptic input from the receptors. Elsewhere in the outer plexiform layer, knob-like processes, probably from horizontal cells, make conventional synaptic contacts with other horizontal cell processes and probably with bipolar dendrites.