1. The acetylcholine (ACh) sensitivity of muscle fibres at the neuromuscular junction of the frog was investigated in preparations in which the nerve terminals could be clearly seen. 2. ACh released iontophoretically from a micropipette that was precisely positioned at various points along the muscle fibre in the vicinity of the synapse showed that the peak chemosensitivity (up to 1900 mV/nC) is confined to an area of postsynaptic membrane within a few micra of the nerve terminal; a tenfold decline in sensitivity was obtained when the ACh was released only 5 to 10 $\mu $m from the terminal's edge. It is estimated that most of the response obtained when ACh is released within 40 $\mu $m from the terminal (the area covered in this study) is due to diffusion to the immediate postsynaptic area. The extrasynaptic chemosensitivity of the muscle membrane was too low to be measured with the present methods. 3. The accuracy with which micropipettes could be positioned in synaptic areas and the clarity of viewing nerve terminals were improved by bathing the tissue in collagenase, which reduced the amount of connective tissue. The distribution of chemosensitivity remained unchanged by such treatment. The ACh response was not detectably altered when nerve terminals were lifted off the muscle, exposing the subsynaptic muscle surface.