Interplexiform cells are a class of retinal neuron that extends processes widely in both plexiform layers. In goldfish they contain dopamine and readily take up certain biogenic amines. Two of these amines, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-HDA) and 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine (5,6-DHT), induce fine structural changes in the neurons that accumulate them, allowing the processes of the cells to be recognized by electron microscopy. Typically, the synaptic vesicles within the processes show electron-dense cores. The terminal cytoplasm may also show increased density, as may the cellular and cytoplasmic membranes, presumably an indication of degenerative changes induced by the drugs. 5,6-DHT gives more readily observable changes than 6-HDA but labels both dopaminergic and indoleamine-accumulating neurons. The terminals of the indoleamine-accumulating terminals were therefore removed by intraocular injections of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) prior to the labelling with 5,6-DHT. This procedure allowed an analysis of the dopaminergic terminals without interference by the terminals of the indoleamine-accumulating cells. The dopaminergic neurons were found to make synapses of the conventional type. In the outer plexiform layer they contacted both external horizontal cells and bipolar cell dendrites, but not photoreceptor terminals or intermediate (rod) horizontal cells. No synapses onto the dopaminergic processes were found in the outer plexiform layer despite an extensive search. In the inner plexiform layer the dopaminergic processes were observed to be both pre- and postsynaptic to amacrine cells and their processes. No synaptic contacts between dopaminergic processes and bipolar cell terminals or ganglion cell dendrites were seen. We conclude that the dopaminergic interplexiform cells provide a centrifugal pathway for information flow in the retina from inner to outer plexiform layer.