Single acetylcholine-activated channels have been recorded from neurons dissociated from the sympathetic chain of 17-21 day old rats. The mean single channel conductance is 35 pS in normal medium containing 1 mM calcium, and 51 pS in the absence of calcium. The measured current amplitudes are about five times more variable than at the frog endplate, at least in part because the current, while the channel is open, is much noisier than when it is shut. Single activations of the receptor by acetylcholine (ACh) produce a burst of openings; the distribution of the burst length has two components, the longer of which is of primary importance in synaptic transmission. Whole-cell currents, in response to ACh (up to 30 $\mu $M), show strong inward rectification with no outward current being detectable. This phenomenon is similar whether the intracellular ion is sodium or cesium, whether or not divalent cations are present, and whether or not atropine is present. Nevertheless, outward single-channel currents (of normal conductance) are detectable in isolated outside-out patches.