Reproduction is costly and individual decisions about when and how much to invest in reproduction will relate to potential benefits in terms of offspring survivorship or mating success. For those organisms that can reproduce more than once, individuals should invest relatively more in reproduction when the potential benefits are high. If females gain directly or indirectly from choosing attractive, highly ornamented males, then it could be predicted that females mated to these males should invest more in reproduction. Here we report the first test of this prediction for a lekking species, peafowl (Pavo cristatus), in which males do not provide resources for offspring, and females prefer to mate with those males that possess the most elaborate trains. We find that peahens randomly mated to males that vary in the degree of ornament produce more eggs for those peacocks with more elaborate trains. We could find no evidence to support the possibility that this difference arises as a result of difference between males in their ability to fertilize eggs.