Displacement of stored sperm during copulation occurs in many insects. This process provides direct benefits for males via increased fertilization success, but the fitness consequences of sperm displacement for females are less clear. Here we investigate potential benefits of sperm displacement for female yellow dung flies, Scatophaga stercoraria. We find no evidence that female dung flies gain direct benefits from displacement of previously stored sperm in terms of increased fertility or fecundity. There was no difference in the relative survival rate, development time, size or fluctuating asymmetry of offspring produced by females that had previously stored sperm displaced before oviposition and those that did not. Females using previously stored sperm to fertilize their eggs produced significantly higher ratios of male to female offspring. These novel findings have important implications for understanding the evolutionary dynamics of male–female interactions in sperm competition.