The effects of a genomic parasite (a B chromosome) and an ectoparasite (a mite) on the fitness of the host (the grasshopper Eyprepocnemis plorans) have been analysed in 60 experimental females. These two parasites differ in their infectious transmission mode. B chromosomes are vertically transmitted from host–parents to offspring, but mites are horizontally transmitted from one grasshopper to another within the same generation. The transmission mode can influence the virulence of these parasites, so that it should be expected that B chromosomes would be less virulent than mites. However, as mite transmission is linked to host mobility, some attenuation is also expected. Four egg pods were analysed from each female, the first two egg pods were laid after a mating and the remaining two were not preceded by a mating. The results show that B chromosomes severely decrease the proportion of eggs containing an embryo (egg fertility), mainly from the second egg pod onwards. Mites also decrease egg fertility but, in addition, they produced a decrease in the rate of embryo production over time (embryo productivity), which might be derived from both the fertility decrease and a slight delay in egg production. The analysis of the relative effect of both parasites suggests that they have a synergistic effect on embryo clutch size and egg fertility. Possible mechanisms for the observed effects are discussed.