Male damselflies possess very specialized genitalia. Females mate multiply and store sperm in two sperm storage organs, the bursa copulatrix and the spermatheca. During copulation, males physically remove the sperm stored in these organs using their genitalia. I document a novel mechanism by which males gain access to the spermatheca in Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis asturica. The mechanism is based on male stimulation of the female sensory system that controls egg fertilization and laying. During copulation, the aedeagus (a male genitalic structure indirectly involved in sperm transfer) distorts the cuticular plates in the female genital tract that bear mechanoreceptive sensilla. This stimulation results in sperm ejection from the spermatheca. Aedeagus width is positively correlated with the amount of sperm ejected. I propose that males have exploited a pre–existing female sensory bias to gain access to otherwise physically unreachable sperm. These results shed light on the issue of the origin of female preferences in current models of sexual selection and on the evolution of genitalia via sexual selection. It is postulated that females might use this process as a form of post–copulatory sexual selection on the basis of males' genitalia.