Table 1.

Fifteen Y-STRs with mutation rates, range of alleles and estimate of duration of linearity. All STRs investigated in this study are shown with their mutation rates (μ), estimated from Ballantyne et al. [33], and range of observed alleles, R, with 95% CI is taken from the YHRD [34]. θ(R)/2μ is an estimate of the duration of linearity of an STR (see §2).

Y-STRμμ(2.5)μ(97.5)Rθ(R)/2μ
DYS4480.0003940.00001410.002111125 381
DYS3920.000970.0001430.003231519 244
DYS4380.0009560.0001370.003181212 465
DYS3900.001520.0003520.00409139211
DYS3930.002110.0006210.005125648
DYS4390.003840.001630.00754154861
DYS4370.001530.0003540.004194357
DYS6350.003850.001630.00755144221
DYS4560.004940.002350.00897143289
DYS389II0.003830.001610.00749123111
DYS3910.003230.001260.00665102554
DYS4580.008360.00480.0134141944
DYS190.004370.001980.00823101888
Y-GATA-H40.003220.001280.0066281630
DYS389I0.005510.002720.009748953