TableĀ 1.

Studies documenting the proximate causes of local extinction due to anthropogenic climatic change.

specieslocationhypothesized proximate cause of local extinctionreference
American pika (Ochotona princeps)Great Basin region, USAlimited tolerance to temperature extremes (both high and low)[25,63]
planarian (Crenobia alpina)Wales, UKloss of prey as result of increasing stream temperatures[35]
desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis)California, USAdecrease in precipitation leading to altered plant community (food)[64]
checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas editha bayensis)San Francisco Bay area, CA, USAincrease in variability of precipitation corresponding with reduction of temporal overlap between larvae and host plants[66]
fish (Gobiodon sp. A)New Britain, Papua New Guineadestruction of obligate coral habitat due to coral bleaching caused by increasing water temperatures[36]
48 lizard species (genus Sceloporus)Mexicoincreased maximum air temperature approaches physiological limit, seemingly causing decreased surface activity during the reproductive season[23]
Adrar Mountain fish speciesMauritanialoss of water bodies due to drought[30]