TableĀ 2.

Studies documenting the proximate causes of declines in abundance due to anthropogenic climatic change.

specieslocationhypothesized proximate cause of declinereference
aloe tree (Aloe dichotoma)Namib desertdesiccation stress owing to decreasing precipitation[28]
four species of amphibiansYellowstone National Park, USAincreasing temperature and decreasing precipitation cause a decline in habitat availability (pond drying)[29]
plover (Pluvialis apricaria)United Kingdomhigh summer temperatures reduce abundance of craneflies (prey)[69]
eelpout (Zoarces viviparus)Baltic Seaoxygen limitation at high temperatures[24]
frogs (genus Atelopus)Central and South Americaclimate change facilitates spread of pathogen (chytrid fungus)[70]
grey jay (Perisoreus canadensis)Ontario, Canadawarm autumns cause rotting in hoarded food, compromising overwinter survival and breeding success in the following year[71]
Cassin's auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus)California, USAchanges in upwelling timing and strength lower both adult survival and breeding success by changing food availability[72]