Table 1.

Tests for alignment between plasticity (the vector of plastic trait inductions), the direction of maximum genetic variation (gmax) and the response to selection on reproduction (Δzβ(R)), survival (Δzβ(S)) or reproduction and survival combined. Angle is expressed as the posterior mode with 95% CI. Significant angle differences are indicated by asterisks. Non-significant angles indicate alignment.

treatmentcomparisonanglepalignment
fishplasticity, gmax51.39° (19.93–143.41°)0.248yes
plasticity, Δzβ(R)60.43° (27.46–98.28°)0.003*
plasticity, Δzβ(R)+0.5β(S)55.38° (22.20–89.76°)0.004*
plasticity, Δzβ(R)+β(S)53.77° (19.47–86.43°)0.014*
plasticity, Δz0.5β(R)+β(S)44.62° (14.15–83.00°)0.014*
plasticity, Δzβ(S)43.80° (10.75–78.81°)0.085yes
midgeplasticity, gmax97.85° (60.71–143.82°)0.025*
plasticity, Δzβ(R)65.73° (21.31–103.55°)0.044*
plasticity, Δzβ(R)+0.5β(S)52.81° (19.32–96.59°)0.073yes
plasticity, Δzβ(R)+β(S)49.29° (19.21–95.47°)0.068yes
plasticity, Δz0.5β(R)+β(S)56.09° (18.26–90.86°)0.066yes
plasticity, Δzβ(S)63.09° (13.57–95.15°)0.081yes