Evolutionary ecology of specialization: insights from phylogenetic analysis.
Guest Edited by Jana C. Vamosi, W. Scott Armbruster, and Susanne S. Renner
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Evolutionary ecology of specialization: insights from phylogenetic analysis
Specialist plants and animals include some of the world’s most charismatic species, inspiring intense interest in the general public as well as conservationists and scientists. For example, approximately 50 plant species depend for pollination solely on one species of bird with extreme morphology: the sword-billed hummingbird.
In this Special Feature, we assemble studies that illustrate how examining the tree of life can provide important insights into these questions. The studies use an array of techniques within a wide-ranging collection of biological systems (plants, butterflies, fish, and amphibians are all represented).
The role that specialists collectively play in the stability of communities represents the next important frontier to understanding how the loss of specialists will affect ecosystem functioning.
Table of Contents
All the articles in this feature are FREE to access.
Introduction: Evolutionary ecology of specialization: insights from phylogenetic analysis
Jana C. Vamosi, W. Scott Armbruster, and Susanne S. Renner
Specialization and generalization in the diversification of phytophagous insects: tests of the musical chairs and oscillation hypotheses
by Nate B. Hardy and Sarah P. Otto
Evolution of climatic niche specialization: a phylogenetic analysis in amphibians
by Maria Fernanda Bonetti and John J. Wiens
Testing the stages model in the adaptive radiation of cichlid fishes in East African Lake Tanganyika
by Moritz Muschick, Patrik Nosil, Marius Roesti, Marie Theres Dittmann, Luke Harmon, and Walter Salzburger
Host specialist clownfishes are environmental niche generalists
by Glenn Litsios, Anna Kostikova, and Nicolas Salamin
Intraspecific divergence and convergence of floral tube length in specialized pollination interactions
by B. Anderson, P. Ros, T. J. Wiese, and A. G. Ellis
Escape from extreme specialization: passionflowers, bats and the sword-billed hummingbird
by S. Abrahamczyk, D. Souto-Vilarós, and S. S. Renner